Jacksonville, Oregon


Jacksonville Details

Status: Active Town

Date Settled: 1852

Current Population: 2,235

Peak Population: na

Elevation: 1,569 Feet (478 meters)

Primary Mineral: Gold

State: Oregon

Gallery: View 66 Jacksonville, Oregon Photos

Jacksonville Description

Jacksonville was founded following discovery of gold deposits in 1851-2. By the Winter of 1852, the rapidly growing Jacksonville had over 2000 residents. With the creation of Jackson county in 1852, Jacksonville became the county seat.

Jacksonville flourished until 1884 when the railroad routed through nearby Medford and bypassed Jacksonville. As mining waned and businesses moved to Medford, Jacksonville assumed its new role as an agricultural center. In 1927 the county seat moved to Medford, dealing Jacksonville yet another blow.

Jacksonville was designated a National Historic District in 1966. The National Register of Historic Places describes Jacksonville:

mid-19th century inland commercial town significant for its magnificent group of surviving unaltered commercial and residential buildings. The town was the principal financial center of southern Oregon until it was bypassed by the railroad.

Today Jacksonville is a popular tourist destination and retirement community.

Did You Know.......

A mine is a hole in the ground, owned by a liar.
-Mark Twain


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